Alzheimer Dementia

By Jeff Damm

Alzheimer disease is a degenerative brain illness of unrecognized cause which has been researched by American scientists to be the most common type of dementia.  Competent medical professionals uphold that Alzheimer disease is caused by lifestyle, genetic, and environmental factors. According to the recent survey done by the statistics experts, it shows that this disease has affected around 5.7 Million individuals living in the United States of America [1].

It is a very horrendous disease because it is ranked as the number six killer disease among all the group- ups and the old age. The Alzheimer sufferer usually has a consecutive memory loss, illogical judgment, changes in personality, and having a lot of unnecessary confusion [2]. The consequential symptoms seen from a patient suffering due to Alzheimer Dementia is because of the disintegration of brain neurons specifically in the cerebral cortex. Also, the symptoms are as a result of neurofibrillary tangles.

All the private and public hospitals of the United States should team up and carry out the following to all the individuals who are potential to suffer from Alzheimer disease.

  •    Assisting in promoting awareness of this disease and other types of dementia, including the significance of having an early diagnosis.
  •    Doing a thorough research on the economic and societal burden of dementia in communities and states.
  •    Coming up with a collection of data on caregiving and cognitive decline.
  •    Creating strategies to ensure that caregivers have the equipment and the services needed to provide quality health care to individuals with dementia.

Public Health Challenge

Frequently Alzheimer’s illness affects mainly the older group-ups, and the spread of this disease to the adults is unprecedented.  In the year 2016, around forty-nine million people living in the US which is around 15% of the total population were suffering from this disease. By the year 2060, the number of Alzheimer sufferers is predicted to rise with a very high margin to almost ninety-five million people [3].

This year, the collective payments for hospice, long-term, and health were budgeted at two hundred and seventy-seven billion US dollars. Medicare caters almost half of these charges. Unless medical scientists and Non- Profit Organizations, like The EPIC Foundation, discover the ways and means to alleviate Alzheimer disease and other dementia, the United States will have to face a lot of economic drains.

The Harmful Effects of Alzheimer Dementia

Alzheimer dementia causes a very tremendous damage to the brain. Firstly, the abnormal proteins accumulate to form tangles and plaques in the brain of an individual. The interrelations between cells are very weak and, eventually, they start to die. It is very serious that the capacity of the brain begins to shrink gradually.  

It is very hard to treat Alzheimer disease with 100% accuracy when an individual is alive. The treatment of this disease can only be diagnosed under a microscope during a post-mortem [4]. Competent specialists manage to make the appropriate treatment during its early stages.

Symptoms of Alzheimer Dementia

  •    Having a difficulty in remembering past conversations or events.
  •    Boredom
  •    Feeling depressed
  •    Having problems in swallowing something, speaking, or walking directly towards a particular direction.

Alzheimer’s Treatment

No proper diagnosis for the individuals suffering from this disease. Alternative measures to assist in managing the symptoms of this illness include the following:

  •    Medications for changes in personality behavior, like antipsychotics.
  •    Medications for the loss of memory, which include memantine, rivastigmine, and cholinesterase inhibitors.
  •    An alternative treatment that focuses on boosting brain functionality, or overall health, such as fish oil, or coconut oil.
  •    Guidance and counseling to be offered in order to have sufficient sleep.
  •    Diagnosis of depression.

Prevention of Alzheimer Disease

United States of America scientists have come up with a number of prevention measures to fight Alzheimer’s disease.

  1. Ensure having regular exercise:  regular physical exercises can lessen the risk of developing this deadly disease. Exercises can also slow down the effects of this illness to those who have been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease. Physical workouts are very crucial because they stimulate the ability of the brain to maintain past connections as well as to generate new ones. You should have a target of aiming at least 150 minutes of reasonable intensity exercise each week. Swimming and walking are very beneficial to your body. Lifting heavy weights is also very helpful to your body because it builds up your muscle which helps in pumping your brain [5]. Coordination and balance exercises like Tai Chi, and yoga are also very advantageous. T-Tapp is a workout, created by the late Teresa Tapp, that has been proven as very beneficial to the elderly population. Many of their workouts are only 15 minutes a day. The oldest T-Tapper, Barei, is over 90 years old and has strengthened her brain-body connection by using the workout called “Senior Fit” (https://store.t-tapp.com/collections/t-tapp-starter-systems?rfsn=1307725.6e7a84cc9&utm_source=refersion&utm_medium=affiliate&utm_campaign=1307725.6e7a84cc9&rfsn=1307725.6e7a84cc9&utm_source=refersion&utm_medium=affiliate&utm_campaign=1307725.6e7a84cc9&rfsn=1307725.6e7a84cc9&utm_source=refersion&utm_medium=affiliate&utm_campaign=1307725.6e7a84cc9).
  2. Social Management: a human being is a social animal. A human individual should not stay in isolation for a long period of time. Make sure to bond with your family in a strong way, interact with friends, and when facing a difficult challenge always share with your buddies.
  3. Healthy Diet: Insulin resistance and inflammation damage neurons and alter communication between the cells of the brain. Alzheimer disease is sometimes called the diabetes of the brain and scientific research has manifested that eating a healthy balanced diet will alleviate inflammation and act as a shield to your brain. Reduce taking a lot of food or drinks that contain too much sugar. Refined carbs and sugar foods such as pasta, white flour, and white rice can cause brain inflammation. Enjoy eating a Mediterranean diet like fish, beans, vegetables, limited processed food, and taking olive oil regularly [6].
  4. Mental Stimulation: it is very helpful to stimulate your brain with some music, reading interesting novels, watching motivational speakers, and also playing some recreational games on your Smartphone or tablet [7].
  5. Quality Sleep: make sure to have a sufficient bed rest at night with zero distractions.

Currently, of this ever-aging population, the Alzheimer’s illness is a great threat and most feared in the United States and the rest of the world. Public hospitals, private hospitals, and Non-Profit Organizations such as The EPIC Foundation should come up with strict strategies and plans to lessen the spread of this disease.  Prevention of this illness is vitally important and continued measures to both prevent the illness and find a cure are crucial.

References

  1. Aarsland D, Andersen K, Larsen JP, et al. Prevalence and characteristics of dementia in Parkinson disease: an 8-year prospective study. Archives of Neurology. 2014.
  2. Adamson J. Awareness and understanding of dementia in African/Caribbean and South Asian families. Health and Social Care in the Community. 2012
  3. Bäckman L, Jones S, Berger AK, et al. Multiple cognitive deficits during the transition to Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Internal Medicine. 2016
  4. Bains J, Birks JS, Dening TD. Antidepressants for treating depression in dementia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013:
  5. Baldwin R, Pratt H, Goring H, et al. Does a nurse-led mental health liaison service for older people reduce psychiatric morbidity in acute general medical wards? A randomized controlled trial. Age and Ageing. 2016
  6. Cahn-Weiner DA, Malloy PF, Rebok GW, et al. Results of a randomized placebo-controlled study of memory training for mildly impaired Alzheimer’s disease patients. Applied Neuropsychology. 2016
  7. Davies S, Nolan M. ‘Making the move’: relatives’ experiences of the transition to a care home. Health and Social Care in the Community. 2014